What are the protocols governing flags?
Why do we have a red flag, and a blue flag?
Where should each colour flag be flown, and why?
Our flag serves as a visible symbol of our nation. It unites us as one nation, consisting of many backgrounds, and united by shared values and ideals, with a respect for each other and the diversity of nationalities that make up our wonderful nation.
Most people today are unaware that we Aussies actually have two flags: The ubiquitous blue flag, and the Red flag often referred to as the Federation flag or the Red Duster, as it was flown on Federation day and for many years after that.
In fact, our ANZAC diggers fought mostly under the red Federation flag.
Although the red ensign is traditionally flown on British war ships, it is not the same as our Federation flag. The dimensions are different, as described in the image on the right. Our Federation flag was adopted by Australia as a symbol of our becoming a Federation of States in 1901.
Before January 1, 1901, Australia consisted of six British Colonies: NSW, QLD, VIC, TAS, SA, WA. South Australia incorporated and governed the Northern Territory. At Federation there was no Australian Capital Territory. When the six British colonies were created as states with a Federal government we needed a flag to symbolize our unity. We chose the red ensign with the 6-pointed star.
Later on, it was decided to add another point to the large star under the Union Jack to represent the Territories.
There is plenty of debate about which star we should adopt for our Federation flag, but this debate is wasted. The naval red ensign and the Federation flag are two totally different flags. Those Aussies who believe we must manage our affairs as sovereign, independent people according to Common Law have adopted the 6-pointed star. However, this is a matter of choice. There are no hard and fast rules governing this.
What do the Flags Represent?
Both types of flag feature the Union Jack in the top left quarter, to represent our founding as a nation by the United Kingdom. While some may object to it, the Union Jack represents our links to the Crown, the laws we brought here from the United Kingdom, and our ties to the ‘mother country’.
Each flag also has the Southern Cross on the right of the Union Jack, and either a 6-pointed, or 7-pointed star directly below the St. George Cross.
The blue flag became the official government flag in 1953 with the passing of the Flag Act. Since then, it has been flown on all government buildings. It can also be flown beside the alter in public churches as a sign that Australia respects our right to religious freedom.
Even though some Christians say that Australia is a Christian country, our Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1901 only says , “…humbly relying on the blessings of God.” It does not say which god or religion, and therefore it covers all beliefs and religions. Australia today is a multi-cultural, multi-religious nation that does not discriminate against any religious belief, or even those who profess no religion at all.
The red Federation Flag is regarded as the “people’s flag”. That is, it can be flown by the general public on their homes, in parades and rallies, and anywhere we feel it represents our pride in our country and heritage.
Images of the flag can be used on clothing, as long as it’s not defaced or covered, and the main symbolic elements are identifiable.
It is not however officially recommended to drape it around yourself to ensure it does not touch the ground. However, the rules have been bent, especially lately, and we now see the flag design on clothing and even footwear. We Aussies are known for our irreverent love of thumbing our noses at officialdom, so wearing our flag as clothing is seen as a sign of showing our national pride while ignoring the protests of the purists! The Aussie larrikin ethos is alive and well.
A Brief History
(Condensed from an article at: https://www.anfa-national.org.au/history-of-our-flag/)
9th Jul 1900: The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (UK) is passed on 5th July 1900 and given Royal Assent by Queen Victoria on the 9th July, 1900. After almost 40 years of discussion, debates and a referendum, it is official that Australia will become a federation of states, with a Federal Government authorised by the Crown, which is represented by a Governor General.
1st Jan 1901: Australia officially becomes a Federation. At a public ceremony held in Centennial Park, Sydney. The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act is Proclaimed and Gazetted. This is when the Constitution became law for all Australians.
Apr 1901: The Commonwealth Government of Australia announces a Federal Flag design competition. The competition receives 32,823 entries with the winning design being won by five almost identical entries. Each of the 5 winners shared the £200 (almost $30,000 today) prize money.
3rd Sep 1901: The Australian National Flag (Blue Ensign) becomes the official national flag of Australia. The Red Ensign becomes the flag of Merchant Naval Shipping.
Feb 1903: King Edward VII approves the design for the official Australian flag (Blue Ensign) and the Australian Red Ensign for Australia’s merchant ships and private pleasure craft. Minor changes are made to the points of the stars on the Southern Cross. The red ensign was also adopted by the general public as “their” Federation flag. It was flown by most people on January 1, 1901, and for many years afterwards.
Dec 1908: The Australian Army gives Military Order, No 58/08 to direct all military establishments (Stations) to fly the “new” Australian flag (Blue Ensign). See below for more information.
Mar 1934: Commonwealth Government Gazette No 18 features a line drawing of the exact specifications of the official blue Australian flag and the merchant shipping flag, the Australian Red Ensign.
Jun 1947: Letter from Howard Beale MP to flag makers to request they re-direct their manufacture to the Australian National Flag (Blue Ensign) rather than the Red Ensign (except for its proper use in shipping).
Dec 1953: Parliament passes 1953 Flags Act. The flag (Blue Ensign) is confirmed by legislation as the chief national symbol by law, custom and tradition and its official title becomes the “Australian National Flag”. The Act is officially signed-off by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in the following months
Aug 1996: The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia, Sir William Deane, proclaims 3 September as “Australian National Flag Day” to commemorate the day in 1901 on which the Australian National Flag was first flown.
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The Great White Fleet
The Great White Fleet was the popular nickname for the group of United States Navy battleships which completed a journey around the globe from December 16, 1907 to February 22, 1909 by order of President Theodore Roosevelt.
After the American War of Independence, both the British Empire and the Americans were in debt to the international banksters led by the Rothschilds, Rockerfellers, the Melons, and others who had financed both sides.
So, when the British Empire could no longer pay those debts, they pointed the banksters in the direction of the Commonwealth countries to collect them.
In 1907 at the Hague, they wrote up eight treaties in total.
Number 4 treaty explains how to conduct war on land ( the rules of their game) this was the beginning of Silent Wars for Silent Weapons, they delivered this to us with the white fleet of America in 1908, and as the white fleet sailed into Sydney Harbour the fleet had their gun turrets aimed at our shores.
We, on the other hand, were there by the thousands waving the American flag, giving them a tickertape parades, and celebrating their arrival. The general public were not aware of the sinister reasons behind the visit by the US Navy. Nor did we know that this was the start of big changes to come for the people of the Commonwealth of Australia that would slowly undermine and nullify our Constitution, our rights, and our freedoms until we have ended up where we are today; under the yoke of a political party corporate dictatorship.
The purpose of the White Fleet’s visit was to not only deliver the Hague Treaties, but to start to administer the country for debts owing to the banksters on behalf of the Crown.
They were there to deliver military orders to usurp our laws and government, and to put the country into Usufruct — (The right to enjoy the use and advantages of another’s property short of the destruction or waste of its substance). From that day on we were to be administered by the current Parliament for debts owed by the Crown.
One of the Military orders was to change our admiralty flags, both red and blue, to a 1:2 ratio, creating Admiralty flags for the corporate government to operate from the sea. Those are not our land flags, which are the red duster with a ration of 3:2.
Another of the instructions under War-rant was to change the six pointed star to a seven-pointed one to include the territories, which are governed outside of our Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1901. Ever since then, the politicians have been administering us into a never-ending debt cycle. This change to from the six points to seven points showed us that they were marking their territory. As a result, they never left our country. Instead, they have remained as a shadowy presence in our country to enforce their laws on us. This is why the US has been able to station their troops in our Territory without a referendum of the people.
Those treaties became official on the 26th January 1910 (Download a copy below, or visit the website here to read them: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1910/index.html )
Note: The 26th of January is not the true Australia day. This is the official occupation day of our Country when we were forced to pay debts of the past that were incurred in our name without our knowledge or permission. These debts are not ours. They belong to the political parties and to their banksters.
The people’s red Federal land flag, was designed by the people to represent the coming together of the colonies of N.S.W, Victory, SA, Queensland, Tasmania and WA.
We have so much evidence to prove that the Federal Red Ensign was used up to the Flags Act and the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth11 in 1953, which is when our realm changed from a Commonwealth of the People to a corporate republic dictatorship — all done without a referendum of the people, as required by Section 128 of our Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1901.
Over time, they have hidden everything from the realm that was once known as the Commonwealth of Australia: The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1901 as Proclaimed and Gazetted on the 1st of January 1901, the imperial Crown, the seals, and the people’s land flag commonly known as the Red Duster.
In 1939 (http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1939/3.html ) another treaty was written to change our school history books so that the world was all on the same page ( TRUTH WAS NOT RELEVENT )
The fleet’s Hulls were painted a stark white, giving the armada its nickname. It consisted of 16 battleships divided into two squadrons, along with various small escorts. Roosevelt sought to demonstrate growing American military power and blue-water navy capability.
The Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin, ignored Britain’s concerns and overlooked protocol when he invited the Americans to visit. Sixteen warships were a dramatic presence when they arrived in Australian waters. In Sydney 80,000 people stood on South Head to watch them enter Sydney Harbour. Crowds, parties, speeches and parades greeted the fleet at each port it visited.
Its arrival in Australia on 20 August 1908 was also used as a political lever to encourage support for the forming of Australia’s own navy. The large white ships were a reassuring sight to those who knew no better; the people who were nervous of Asia, particularly Japan’s growing naval power.
Many souvenirs were produced to mark the event.
Well over half a million Sydneysiders turned out to watch the arrival of the United States (US) Navy’s ‘Great White Fleet’. For a city population of around 600,000 this was no mean achievement. It was the largest ever seen in Australia. It far exceeded the numbers that had celebrated the foundation of the Commonwealth just seven years before. Indeed, the warm reception accorded the crews of the 16 white painted battleships during ‘Fleet Week’, was generally regarded as the most overwhelming of any of the ports visited during the 14 month and 45,000 mile global circumnavigation.
The NSW Government declared two public holidays. Business came to a standstill, and the unbroken succession of civic events and all pervading carnival spirit encountered in Sydney (followed by Melbourne and Albany) severely tested the endurance of the American sailors. In fact, the American sailors liked Australia too: so much so that over 300 of them deserted while in Australian ports!
Soon after the Great White Fleet visited Australia, PM Alfred Deakin signed yet another international treaty, binding Australia to the Hague Conventions on conducting war:
This Treaty, signed on 26 January 1910, bound Australia to the international treaty on how Australia and all other signatory nations should wage war.